Unit 5: The Chinese Writing System: Connecting the Past and the Present第2课时教学设计

  一、教学内容

  探究汉字书写体系的功能和重要性,明确文本结构,学会用语篇三要素“what-how-why”宏观审视文本。

  第二课时的阅读主要处理标题第二部分:汉字书写体系的功能及其重要性,围绕“功能——重要性”的主线展开。教学以第一课时的作业——介绍汉字书写体系的发展为导入,然后学生寻找并分析汉字书写体系连接过去与现在的功能以及其他功能的句子。明确其多种功能后,再定位体现汉字书写体系重要性的语言并进行提炼归纳,推断出作者的写作目的——突出汉字书写体系对中国文明的重要性。之后学生进一步理清文本行文结构,从语篇三要素“what-how-why”宏观分析。整个过程侧重培养学生基于语言和文本分析的批判性思维和文化意识,认识到汉字书写体系的功能与重要性,唤起学生传承汉字书写体系,传扬中国文化的强烈意识。

  二、课时目标

  1. 通过寻读,归纳汉字书写体系的功能,梳理出function这条主线,提炼汉字书写体系对中国文化传承等方面的作用,提高批判性思维能力。

  2. 结合语言分析,明确汉字书写体系的重要性,探明作者写作意图,以写一篇演讲稿和口头演讲的方式巩固并迁移所学,发展创造性思维和语言综合运用能力,培养文化自信。

  3. 学会梳理文本信息,并从语篇三要素“what-how-why”宏观分析文本结构,提升思维的辨析力和逻辑性。

  三、教学过程

  Activity 1: Talking about the development of the Chinese writing system.

  本活动为实现课时目标1作铺垫。

  Introduce the development of the Chinese writing system by using the words and expressions about time and event.

  设计意图】此活动是本课时热身环节,同时也是第一课时作业的展示。旨在让学生通过说的方式阐释汉字书写体系的历史发展,巩固上一课时所学,并为本课时做好充分铺垫。

  Activity 2: Focusing on the function of the Chinese writing system

  本活动为实现课时目标1而设计。

  1. Finding out the function of “connecting the past and the present” of the Chinese writing system.

  Q1: What are the key words of the second part of the title?

  Q2: Could you find some sentences including words indicating “the past and the present”?

  ① China is widely known for its ancient civilisation which has continued all the way through into modern times, ... but one of the main factors has been the Chinese writing system. (Paragraph 1)

  ② It dates back several thousand years to the use of longgu―animal bones and shells on which symbols were carved by ancient Chinese people. Some of the ancient symbols can still be seen in today’s hanzi. (Paragraph 2)

  ③ Even today, no matter where people live or what dialect they speak, they can still communicate in writing. (Paragraph 4)

  ④ Written Chinese has also become an important means by which China’s present is connected with its past. People in modern times can read the classic works which were written by Chinese in ancient times. (Paragraph 5)

  ⑤ Today, the Chinese writing system is still an important part of Chinese culture. (Paragraph 6)

  2. Exploring the other functions of the Chinese writing system.

  Q3: Besides connecting the past and the present, what other functions does the Chinese writing system have? Give the evidence.

  ① That writing system was of great importance in uniting the Chinese people and culture.

  → connect people with culture

  ② The high regard for the Chinese writing system can be seen in the development of Chinese characters as an art form, known as Chinese calligraphy, which has become an important part of Chinese culture

  → connect characters/language with art

  ③ As China plays a greater role in global affairs, an increasing number of international students are beginning to appreciate China’s culture and history through this amazing language.

  → connect China with the world

  3. The functions of the Chinese writing system.

   

  

  设计意图】学生通过深入阅读,探究有关汉字书写体系连接过去与现在功能的句子以及体现其他功能的句子,明确汉字书写体系对中国文化发展的作用,为下一活动探究汉字书写体系重要性打好基础。

  Activity 3: Focusing on the importance of the Chinese writing system

  本活动为实现课时目标2而设计。

  1. Explore the author’s intention of writing this passage.

  Q1: Why does the author emphasize the “connecting” function of the Chinese writing system?

  Q2: Can you find some sentences showing the importance of the Chinese writing system directly?

  ① That writing system was of great importance in uniting the Chinese people and culture.

  ② Written Chinese has also become an important means by which China’s present is connected with China’s past.

  ③ The high regard for the Chinese writing system can be seen in the development of Chinese characters as an art form, known as Chinese calligraphy, which has become an important part of Chinese culture.

  ④ The system of Chinese characters is still an important part of the Chinese culture.

  (T: The repetition of the words “importance/important” actually shows the author’s intention of writing about the Chinese writing system. He wants to arouse our awareness of the importance of the the Chinese writing system and try our best to develop it because it is related to culture and civilisation.)

  设计意图】 引导学生关注作者的写作目的——介绍并突出汉字书写体系对中国文明和文化的重要性并呼吁传承汉字书写体系,传扬中国文明,从而进一步激起学生的文化自豪感。

  Activity 4: Identifying the structure of the passage

  本活动为实现课时目标3而设计。

  Think about the structure of the passage and discuss with your partner.

  Q1: What’s the structure of the passage?

   

  

  Q2: Could you tell the way the author writes the passage by matching “what, how, why” with “topic, development, function, importance” and express it in a sentence?

  设计意图】学生思考文本结构,探究第一段与第二至六段的关系,明确Leading part: paragraph 1- Supporting part: paragraphs 2-6 的结构,同时尝试运用“what-how-why”语篇三要素来宏观分析文本。

   

  

  Assignment: Making a speech about the Chinese writing system.

  本活动为实现课时目标2而设计。

  Make a speech on the opening ceremony of the Festival of Chinese Characters in your school to call on students to make the Chinese writing system known to more people. Your speech should include:

  ① a topic;

  ② the development, function and importance of the Chinese writing system;

  ③ a conclusion.

  设计意图】通过写一篇在汉字文化节开幕式上的演讲稿,要求学生结合所学,陈述汉字书写体系的发展、功能和重要性,并按照一定的语篇模式进行书面输出和口头演讲,号召大家用实际行动来传承中华文明,一起发扬汉字书写体系。在此过程中,学生学会传达信息,表达观点和态度,达到综合运用语言与他人交流的目的。

  The teacher’s version:

  Dear fellow students,

  Why can Chinese civilization continue all the way through into modern times? There are many reasons for it, but one of the main factors has been the Chinese writing system.

  First of all, the Chinese writing system is of great importance in connecting the past and the present. It began as symbols carved on longgu several thousand years ago, some of which can still be seen in today’s hanzi. It is also a very important means of connecting the people and culture. In the Qin Dynasty, it developed in one direction. So, even today, people still can communicate with each other. Besides, it can also connect characters with art for Chinese characters have developed into an important art form - Chinese calligraphy. What’s more, it even connects China and the world. Many foreign students are beginning to appreciate China’s culture and history through it.

  As a Chinese, I’m really proud of the amazing Chinese writing system. It’s really an honor for us to do something to help develop it, like writing Chinese characters well and introducing the system clearly to foreign friends.

  That’s all. Thank you!


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