The People's Education Press (PEP) is a press under the direct leadership of the Ministry of Education (MOE) of the People's Republic of China. It mainly engages in research, writing, compilation, publication, distribution, and import and export school textbooks and other educational books. PEP was established on December 1st, 1950. PEP's Chinese name was inscribed by Chairman Mao Zedong. Its first president and editor-in-chief was Mr. Ye Shengtao, a distinguished writer, educator and publisher in China.

In order to strengthen research on the curriculum and teaching materials for basic education, in 1983 the MOE authorized the establishment of the Curriculum and Teaching Materials Research Institute (CTMRI), sharing the same staff as PEP. Mr. Deng Xiaoping inscribed the Chinese name of the CTMRI. Over the past two decades, the CTMRI has successfully taken on over ten key national education research projects. Its systematic and thorough research on issues in basic education, materials development and teaching method has contributed to the overall excellence of PEP's publications.

For more than 50 years, PEP was exclusively authorized by the MOE to preside over and participate in designing curriculum standards for primary and secondary school subjects. PEP has compiled and published ten sets of nationwide school textbooks and teaching materials. Since its establishment, a total of over 30 thousand titles have been published with total sales of 60 billion copies.

PEP has about 1,500 skilled and efficient staff, about 400 of whom are editors working in PEP's headquarters. The editors' main job is the research, writing and compilation of school textbooks and other educational materials. Among them, there are three post-doctorate degrees, 36 doctorates and 221 master's degrees. About 140 are senior or associate senior editors. PEP has 27 editorial departments for different school subjects and one journal department. The PEP Library, is the national center of school textbooks in China with a large number of textbooks from China and other countries.

With the development of a market economy and the reform of the publication system in China, PEP has founded several sub-companies. One of them is the Beijing Textbook Publication and Distribution Center, which publishes and distributes PEP's textbooks and teaching materials. Another, the People's Education Electronic and Audiovisual Press, produces the electronic and audiovisual materials for PEP's textbooks and other multi-media products. The PEP Teaching Materials Import and Export Corporation is one of the top four companies of its kind in China. The PEP Printing House prints PEP's books. PEP's official website (www.pep.com.cn) is a well-known website in China, providing educational information and resources for students, parents and other readers, and also offering Internet services and online publications and other related services.

Since the reform, PEP has developed extensive cooperation with many international organizations, foreign universities and major publishing houses from more than 20 countries.PEP considers participation in international exchanges and cooperation to be of great importance for the enrichment of its resources. Among the list are UNESCO, UNICEF, UNDP, WB, Pearson Education, Cengage Learning Asia Private Company from Singapore (formerly Thomson Learning), Mitsumura Tosho Publishing Co., Ltd (from Japan), SNP (from Singapore), Lingo Media (from Canada), Western Kentucky University (from the US), Murray State University (from the US), Yorkshire University (from Canada), the State A.S. Pushkin Russian Language Institute (from Russia) and the Academy of Korean Studies (from South Korea). PEP has also cooperated with publishers and education research institutes from China's Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, Macau Special Administrative Region and Taiwan province. 

In recent years, PEP has received many honorary titles and awards, including the National Book Award, the China Book Award, the National Audiovisual Publication Award, the National Electronic Publication Award, the National Journal Award, the China Excellent Publication Award and the Prix Mobius International des Multimedias. It has also been awarded titles such as "the Top Eight Popular Presses in China", "the Credit and Top-Quality Service Company", "the National Award for Excellence in 'Two Basics'", "the National Award for Excellence in Language Work", "the National Award for Excellent Environment Education", "the National Award for Excellent Support in Ethnic Unity", "the Top Central Government Agency Award", and "the Beijing Top 100 Tax Company Award".

Over the past fifty years, PEP has formed its own publication style: "comprehensive, diversified, all-embracing, and multi-media." PEP's scope is "comprehensive", publishing textbooks for primary and secondary education, vocational education, special education, higher education, normal education, pre-school education and teaching Chinese as a foreign language. PEP's textbooks are "diversified"—textbooks are published in different editions to provide a variety of styles and levels to meet different educational needs. PEP has also developed many teaching resources, supplementary materials, teaching aids and reference books, which makes its products "all-embracing." In addition, PEP's products are available in different media: paper, electronic, audiovisual, online, etc.

Today PEP has become the national center for school textbooks and educational books publication with its unique brand, research abilities, human resources, information and market. It specializes in researching, compiling, publishing and distributing primary and secondary school textbooks, and in publishing additional teaching materials and educational books. PEP has redoubled its efforts to develop its business in books; electronic, audiovisual and online products; copyright trade; import and export of publications; modern logistics; website design; and printing and teacher training service. These all help to lay a base for PEP's future development.      

After more than 50 years of development, PEP has become the publication standard for primary and secondary school textbooks in China. From following model provided by textbooks from foreign countries to researching and publishing its own   textbooks, PEP has over the years become a leader in the fields of scientific research, human resources and marketing. It has witnessed developments in Chinese primary and secondary school education and has helped maintain its position as an educational publishing leader by implementing primary and secondary school education reform in China. PEP has grown to be an international publishing house well-known throughout the world and the leading textbook publisher in China. It aims to promote the publishing cause in China and to contribute to the construction of a harmonious socialist society.